American Asperger's Association Support Group

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Your Asperger Child: Using Visuals

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1 Your Asperger Child: Using Visuals on Thu Apr 16, 2009 8:03 am

csweepigirl

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Your Asperger Child: Using Visuals
Children with Asperger's learn most successfully through visual modes. They are visual learners, as well as visual thinkers. Generally, areas of strength include word recognition, oral reading, spelling, and letter/number recognition – all areas requiring visual learning. Therefore, visuals become a crucial part of almost every prevention strategy. Visuals serve to enhance understanding when new concepts are presented. They do this by:

Helping to focus attention
Acting as a backup when new information is presented, giving the child something to look at in case information is forgotten or confused
Providing external organization and structure, e.g., by showing the sequence or steps needed to complete a task
Remaining stable over time, allowing the child the needed time to process and respond
Making concepts more concrete, which also decreases anxiety
Acting as cues when the child is ready to practice the concepts
Visuals come in all shapes, sizes, and forms. Below is a partial list.

assignment sheets
cartoon bubbles
checklists
color coding
cue cards
drawings
hand signals
highlighting
lists of rules
masking tape
photographs
pictures
planning sheets
problems and solutions sheets
problem wheels
schedules
sequence cards
signs with key words and phrases
social stories
timers
footprints
words
written scripts
Let's explore how these can be used. Tim, an eight-year-old, was experiencing great difficulty whenever he played with peers in his neighborhood. He had responded well at school to a high degree of structure, consistency, and specific recess rules presented in a visual format. He had been given a road map for recess success. However, this was not the case when he was playing with peers in the neighborhood. In this less structured setting, where he interacted with different children in multiple activities, he displayed many inappropriate behaviors. When he didn't know how to respond, or if he didn't like the response of another child, he would push or hit them.
My initial response was to complete, with Tim's help, a problems and solutions sheet. First, we outlined his neighborhood playground problems to ensure that he understood what was occurring. Next, we discussed both appropriate and inappropriate ways to respond in these situations. This was done in a very clear, step-by-step fashion and, ultimately, became his "game plan" for neighborhood play. It included both the rewards for appropriate behaviors and the consequences for inappropriate behaviors, using naturally occurring rewards and consequences as much as possible. For instance, when you play appropriately, other children will want to play with you and will be less likely to tease you.

During this process with Tim, it became clear that even with reading the "game plan" right before he went out to play, he needed a visual available to him while he was actually outside. Since his common response was to push or hit with his hands, I decided to put a symbol on his hand. Again, this was discussed with Tim. It was presented like many of the other strategies, as something that would help him solve his problem. I explained that we'd use his right hand, because this was the hand he used for pushing or hitting. I allowed him to choose the color of the marker we would use and what symbol we would draw. He selected a purple star; this was placed on his hand every day before going out to play, at which time the problems and solutions sheet was also reviewed.

When Tim returned home the first time the purple star was used, he said, "It worked. I was going to push John and when I saw the star it made me stop." The power of visuals! Both the problems and solutions sheet and the purple star were used for three weeks. Beginning with the fourth week, the reading of the sheet before going out to play was eliminated, and the following week the star was discontinued. By then, Tim had internalized a new way of responding. Remember, this does not replace ongoing social skills training and helping Tim to expand/generalize his interactions with peers

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